How to pick up fluency in English thro' self-study

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p1. handbook fluentzy: tm the english fluency encyclopedia • “legendary” – general knowledge today. •..in fluent spoken english, though they do it without much difficulty in..that the (91)(0484) 2538449. learner can achieve maximum e-mail: [email protected] fluency without any teacher’s (“the...

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How to pick up fluency in English thro' self-study pdf




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How to pick up fluency in English thro' self-study - page 1
P1. Handbook Fluentzy: TM “World’s first...” THE TIMES OF INDIA. • “Classic...” THE HINDU. Contents PART - I How to avoid false fluency and achieve true fluency, 3 Who is the Fluentzy books for?, 5 How quickly can I become fluent?, 7 What do the Fluentzy books aim to do?, 8 Self-study principles, 9 Fluency-building techniques, 13 Self-study books, 14 Self-study effectiveness, 16 Contents of the books, 17 Buyers from 65 countries, 21 Price, 22 Despatch of books, 25 How to order the Fluentzy books, 26 The English Fluency Encyclopedia • “Legendary” – General Knowledge Today. • “The speaker’s encyclopaedia of fluency tools” – THE HINDU. TM “A series of 20 authoritative books on how to systematically develop fluency in English.” THE HINDU Business Line . Ideal for use as a 3-month self-study course: The famed Fluency Development Course. TM By none other than Prof. Kev Nair: “Father of fluency develop- ment.” – New Indian Express. Entirely in plain English. Now you can choose to buy the paper edition — or the electronic edition (that is, as downloadable e-books). How to pick up fluency in English thro’ self-study “WHY IS it that most of those who even have a master’s degree in English find it difficult to express their thoughts, ideas and feelings in fluent spoken English, though they do it without much difficulty in written English? “Prof. Kev Nair, an eminent scholar of international repute and a renowned English language lexicographer, goes into this question in depth and comes up with clear answers in Fluentzy, a series of twenty definitive books on the subject authored by him. These 20 self-study books, as a set, constitute a dedicated system of fluency building.” The New Sunday Express. PART - II “Can I become fluent in spoken English thro’ self-study?”, 27 Alternatives to self-study, not really practical, 27 Classroom instruction, not really effective, 28 Fluency techniques and real-life situations, 28 Instruction & Feedback: From the Self... to the Self, 31 Learning difficulties: Grist to the mill of self-study learners, 33 Living and working in an English environment, 35 Fluency techniques: The only quick & easy route, 37 Brilliantly Effective! • “NO, THIS is not just another crash course in spoken English...” THE HINDU. • “A down-to-earth approach... Highly effective... Unique.” Competition Success Review. • “A non-conventional method... revolutionary method...” THE HINDU. Act now, 38 Order form, 39 Terms & Conditions, 39 Accepted worldwide! Save time — and money! “Internationally popular.” THE TIMES OF INDIA. • “Globally sought-after...” The New Indian Express. • “‘Fluentzy’... one of its kind in the world.” – THE TIMES OF INDIA. TM Adult Faculties Council P1, 1st Floor, Devaswam Parambu Lane, Elamakkara PO, KOCHI – 682 026, Ernakulam Dist., Kerala, India. TM Now you can buy: (a) the paper edition or (b) the electronic edition! Yes, Fluentzy books are now available as e-books ALSO ! Online! • “... the electronic edition of Prof. Kev Nair’s English Fluency Encyclopaedia, the definitive work on fluency development... now... ...available on the Internet as e-books.” – HINDU Business Line. • “Buyers from all over the world can now download these books from ...www.fluentzy.com and www.fluencybookz.com... Print editions of these books continue to be on sale.” – THE HINDU. • “...the electronic edition ...consists of a series of 20 authoritative books ...intended for advanced learners and expert-level users who wish to achieve a high degree of fluency and eloquence.” – The New Indian Express. “... specially designed, so that the (91)(0484) 2538449. learner can achieve maximum E-mail: [email protected] fluency without any teacher’s ( The leader in fluency-related publications mediation.” – Hindustan Times. TM worldwide ” – THE HINDU. ) 37-year-old fluency heritage. TM Unifying the world thro’ fluent English Up-to-date then. Up-to-date now. No teacher! No classroom
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How to pick up fluency in English thro' self-study - page 2
3 4 of people are concerned, Prof. Nair’s Fluentzy books can help them to begin being truly fluent and to go on to become supremely fluent. PART - I ERE’S THE WORLD’S first and the most time-honoured system of building fluency in English — in a set of 20 short, fascinating, self- study books. These are result-oriented books authored specially for self-study — by none other than the very person who invented this sys- tem and the world’s authority on fluency studies, Prof. Kev Nair. These books guide you through the ins and outs of this fluency-build- ing system with calm confidence and certainty. And they help you to trans- form yourself from a speaker with average fluency or below-average flu- ency in English into a supremely fluent speaker of English. Quickly. Easily. H How to avoid false fluency and achieve true fluency How to get the most benefit out of the Fluentzy books You can use Prof. Nair’s Fluentzy books for self-study and to learn from them the strategies of achieving a high degree of fluency in English. By the term self-study, what we mean is the activity of learning independently without a teacher (or anyone else) to coach you or train you or help you in any way — in class or by post or through any other method. The contents of these books are self-explanatory — clear and easy to un- derstand, without needing any extra instruction or explanation. You know, the fluency skill is a unique skill. The only one of its kind. You can’t learn it in the same way as you learn computer skills or mathematics or swimming. No, you can’t. The fluency skill needs a different approach. It can only be mastered directly. Yes. Through self-effort. Without a teacher com- ing between you and the learning process. Only then will the fluency skill be- come your skill. This is exactly what happens when you use Prof. Nair’s fluency-building books for self-study. In all senses. When you’re doing that, nobody else comes between you and the learning process as a teacher. Nobody else provides you any coaching or training — in class or by post or through any other method. You do all that yourself. It’s this self-learning effort that is going to transform you. Why are the Fluentzy books considered unique? These books in the Fluentzy series help you achieve a high degree of flu- ency — through self-study (= independent study). Yes, by teaching your- self. Without being coached or trained by anyone — in class or by post or online or through any other method. These are the world’s first dedicated set of fluency-building books. Yes, first. And these were the first books in the world that were based on a great truth: If you’re a person who writes reasonable English or good English, but cannot speak it quite fluently, conventional English-teaching methods cannot make you speak it truly fluently — but self-study can. While more and more conventional teacher-directed learning would only make you go on being an unsure and hesitant speaker, self-directed self-study is capable of transforming you into a supremely fluent speaker. Now, those who can write reasonable English or good English can be divided into two groups: • Those whose learning of English and fluency development happened side by side from the very first day they started learning English. (This is how true learning of a language has to happen. This is how native speakers of all lan- guages learn their language). • Those whose learning of English happened first, and fluency-development ef- forts happened separately, much later. (This is how non-native speakers of En- glish learn their language through conventional methods). A wholly unique self-training system The self-study that Prof. Nair’s fluency-building books want you to do is the real-time self-study. Total self-study. (And not the kind of partial self-study done as an alternative to classroom study). And this unique form of self-study happens at two levels: The outer and the inner. The outer learning First, there’s the self-directed learning of the fluency techniques from Prof. Nair’s self-study books. Then, there’s the application of these techniques to real-life speech situa- tions. Mind you, not to fictitious situations created in classrooms or by cas- settes/CDs. But to real-life situations that are part of your own social and career life. Fluency-demanding real-life communicative situations: In your job. Profession. Business. Daily life. As far as the first group of people are concerned, most of them must be reasonably fluent now, and many of them, remarkably fluent. Prof. Nair’s Fluentzy books can help them improve their fluency-level — espe- cially, those who are only reasonably fluent. As far as the second group The inner learning This is the level at which the deeper stage of self-learning happens. The deeper stage. Here, you keep doing 3 things — with the help of the fluency
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5 techniques you’ve learnt from Prof. Nair’s books: • You keep doing a self-monitoring of how you process the language in your mind. At the same time as you’re engaged in the act of speaking. From moment to mo- ment. • And you keep spotting the processing difficulties. And the factors that hold you back from speaking with a ready flow. • And you keep applying the flow-production and flow-maintenance strategies you learnt from Prof. Nair’s books — to remedy these situations. And to estab- lish, re-establish and maintain a smooth flow of speech. 6 • For people who need a high degree of fluency — either because they’re already in positions of authority or influence, or because they’re aiming for those posi- tions. • For people who already speak English fluently enough in situations where short stretches of speech would do, but not in situations where they have to speak con- tinuously and in detail — without previous planning, preparation or rehearsal. In this way, you are not only able to speak fluently in every speech situ- ation you face, but also to keep mastering the fluency techniques — directly. No teacher can be a substitute for you in this process. Prof. Nair’s self-study books make all this quite easy to carry out. By tell- ing you how to train yourself in this two-pronged strategy: Consciously coping with fluency-blocking factors — and consciously applying fluency- promoting factors. Each instance of success adds to your confidence and fluency. And you’re able to go ahead and enjoy being fluent — instead of being self-conscious, embarrassed and nervous, and feeling that people are looking at you and judging you. The Author*: The earliest pioneer in the field Prof. Kev Nair, who visualized this unique system of self-study, and authored the self-study books constituting it, is a renowned scholar. He’s a first class LL . B . and a first class LL . M . And he was ranked first in university in both the LL . B . and LL . M . exams. As THE HINDU has said, “He (Prof. Nair) had been researching since 1971, and the results of the study led him to new discoveries”. And as the General Knowledge Today has said, “Nair was the first per- son in the world to give shape to the area of study now known as ‘English fluency development’ and to systematize it into a distinct teachable sub- ject...”. And so he is “known as the father of fluency development...” The New Indian Express. THE HINDU has described the universal acceptance of this unique sys- tem of fluency building as “Fluentzy’s phenomenal success”. Second, you must have the drive and self-discipline needed for indepen- dent study — self-directed self-study. Yes, self-directed, and not directed by anyone else. Please understand this: This fluency-building system is based on a plain truth: Classroom instruction, or instruction by post or through any other method, or speech delivery training in classrooms cannot get an adult foreign learner of English to achieve true fluency in spoken English. But independent study and self-effort can. In fact, only independent study and self-effort can. This may, at first, sound incredible to many people, but this is the truth. Ab- solute truth. (Go thro’ the topic “Self-study principles” in this PART and thro’ the detailed discussion in PART-II ). Do spend some time trying to understand this truth completely. This is im- portant. You must understand this truth completely. Why? Because that itself is half the battle — the most important step towards becoming a truly flu- ent speaker. And if you’re a person who has a deep interest in achieving a high degree of fluency in English, once you understand this truth, that understand- ing itself would act as the driving force that spurs you on to keep learning from the self-study books on your own. Who should buy the Fluentzy books? You should – if you’re one among these people: • You’re in a profession (like law, management, marketing or IT) and have to use English heavily and make presentations, argue for or against something, take a firm stand on something and defend it, state your opinions and justify them with evidence in a logical and organized way, get support for proposals, persuade people to your point of view, convince them of things, influence the way they think, feel, make decisions and act... And you’re eager to excel in these tasks. • You’re in a profession (like medicine or teaching) and have to use English heavily and succeed in making people understand things. You have to make them think, feel, behave or act in a new or different way, help them learn about things by giv- ing them new information, comfort them, cheer them, encourage them, express your approval or disapproval of what they do. And you’re determined to achieve great success in your chosen profession. • You’re a public figure or a senior official or a senior manager. And you not only have to get things done, but also have to keep up an image... and make a strong personal impact on people you deal with. And you frequently have to have seri- ous conversations and discussions with people who are quite fluent in English, including fluent native speakers of English. And you even have to give newspa- Who is the Fluentzy books for? If you want to get the maximum benefit from Prof. Kev Nair’s Fluentzy books, you need to meet only two requirements: First, you must know English reasonably well. That is, you must be an advanced learner of English — or a post-advanced learner. Essentially, this fluency-building system is meant for two broad categories of people: * To know more about Prof. Kev Nair, please visit www.fluentzy.com
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7 per and television interviews or call press conferences. You want a skill that can make sure people listen... A skill that can get you attention and respect. • You’ve learnt grammar very well, and have even built up a wide vocabulary. You’re even fluent enough to make one-or-two-line statements or to give one- or-two-line replies or to ask one-or-two-line questions. But when you sit at a table in a meeting or stand up to make a presentation, you keep wishing: “If only I could disappear”, because you’re not able to go on speaking in English – without long intervals of embarrassment and indecision between every two words. Words are on the tip of your tongue, but they just don’t occur to you readily when you need them. • You’re a graduate or a postgraduate. And you’re good at writing reports and other things in English and at translating sentences in your mother-tongue into English. But when you want to speak about the same things in English, you find that you can’t —without stuttering and hesitating. And you feel forced to fall back on your mother-tongue. Or you become tongue-tied. • You have excellent academic qualifications, and you’re eager to earn a high- powered job — a position of authority or influence — because you’re not the kind of person who’d be satisfied with the background jobs of life. And you can’t risk speaking in broken, non-fluent English at job interviews or promotion in- terviews. • You’re an applicant for a high-profile course like MBA or MCA , and you need to be quite fluent in English at group discussions and interviews. (Do you know one thing? The way you fare at a group discussion or an interview depends not on what you know... but on whether you know how to speak about what you know – in fluent English). • You’re a Civil Service candidate, and you’re determined to get selected. And you want to present yourself to the best effect everywhere. • You’re a TSE candidate, and you’re determined to go to the US. • You’re a person planning to go to the UK, Australia, New Zealand or another foreign country — for higher studies or for a highly-paid job. 8 at your own pace. Within a few days with the self-study books, most learn- ers would be able to find their own speed and rhythm for the study. But the way some learners pace themselves would be different from the way other learners would. And so the exact period in which a learner is able to complete the self-directed teaching-cum-learning process would vary from learner to learner. To a great extent, the duration of the independent study you do also de- pends on how well you know English at present. If your present knowledge of English is ‘very good’, you’re likely to cross the fluency threshold – start be- coming truly fluent – even before the 3-month period is up. But if your present knowledge of English cannot be called ‘very good’, but is just ‘fairly good’ or ‘average’, you’re likely to take longer to reach that level. Much also depends on the amount of time you spend in learning from the self-study books. To get quick results, some learners need to spend about 3 hours a day (on an average) — in 2 or 3 sittings. But some learners would find that they need to spend only about an hour or two a day. So you see, the 3-month period is the median period that most learners would find necessary, as well as sufficient, to cross the fluency threshold — to start becoming truly fluent. What do the Fluentzy books aim to do? Broadly speaking, Prof. Kev Nair’s Fluentzy books have only one aim: To help you get an invaluable skill through independent study: The skill of speaking English – with a high degree of fluency. A skill that can bring personal suc- cess and career advancement to you. Specifically, these self-study books aim • To tell you how to gain the skill of dealing with hesitations while speaking En- glish — the way native speakers of English deal with them. • To tell you how to convert your knowledge of everyday English vocabulary and structures into a real mastery of spontaneous speech-building skill. • To tell you how to get free of the urge to fall back on your mother-tongue (while you’re speaking English). And to tell you how to gain the skill of composing what you want to say in English and to say it at the same time: The skill of producing English on your feet. Spontaneously — without prior planning or preparation. • To tell you how to train your organs of speech to work smoothly... in the way that the English language wants them to work, so you’ll be able to speak English with- out stumbling over the English sounds or their sequences. “How quickly can I become fluent?” Prof. Kev Nair, the author of the Fluentzy books, tells us that, if you know English very well, you can complete learning the fluency principles and techniques from these books, through independent study, in about 3 months. And by then, you would also have started gaining the experience of putting these fluency principles and techniques into practice while speak- ing in English. All that would remain then would be to increase this kind of experience — to broaden it. But this doesn’t mean that everybody will take exactly 3 months to learn from these books — or that nobody will take more than 3 months. That is, there’s nothing really rigid about the 3-month period. You see, the kind of study you’ll be doing with these self-study books is self-directed self-study – independent study – and so you’re free to learn from the self-study books Yes, these self-study books aim to help you get an excellent command of spoken English on your own, so you might never be at a loss for fluent speech. Spoken English fluency By the word ‘fluency’, what Prof. Kev Nair’s Fluentzy books mean is the skill
How to pick up fluency in English thro' self-study - page 5
9 of speaking English smoothly and continuously – without hesitation prevent- ing you from speaking on. Yes, it’s the skill of speaking about things clearly and easily – in English that is natural, appropriate and easy to understand. Without struggling for breath or for words. 10 You’re the only person who would be able to get you to speak English with a high degree of fluency. Nobody else would. Others would only be able to point the way. And the Fluentzy books give you the ultimate fluency building help that you can expect to get from any part of the world. The ultimate help — the greatest, the most effective help. Remember this: The Fluentzy books have been written by none other than Prof. Kev Nair, the very person who origi- nated the idea of fluency development through intentional, deliberate self- training. He’s a person who knows more about fluency building than anybody else in the world. PART-II of this Handbook will tell you in detail how you achieve a high de- gree of fluency in English — through independent study. A dedicated fluency-building system Prof. Kev Nair’s Fluentzy books aim not just to tell you how to make one-line statements or ask one-line questions or give one-line replies now and then. These books tell you how to maintain your fluency while speaking in English and how to achieve, develop and extend that skill – through independent study and self-effort – so that you don’t have to limit yourself to one-line statements or one-line questions or one-line replies, but can go ahead and speak at length and in detail about your ideas, thoughts and feelings. Yes. Prof. Nair’s Fluentzy books concentrate on helping you add a smooth flow to your English — whether you’re producing a short stretch of speech or a long stretch. Whether you’re discussing, explaining, narrating or describ- ing things. Or telling stories. Or taking a stand and defending it. Or argu- ing. Or expressing an opinion and supporting it with grounds and reasons. You need this skill — if you want to carry on a serious conversation. Or to have a chat. With your words flowing out — freely and readily. Spoken English vs. Written English True spoken English is quite different from the kind of English you learnt at school or college. What you learnt at school or college was mostly written En- glish, and not spoken English. Generally, at school or college, you don’t even get to learn the real differ- ence between the two kinds of English. Result? When you speak, you try to copy the style of written English. You start thinking in terms of written En- glish grammar, written English usage and written English vocabulary. In terms of translating. And you get lost. You try hard to complete whatever you say into ‘perfectly-formed sentences’ – because you’re under the (wrong) impres- sion that they’re the true units of speech! And you end up gasping in the middle. And you find it impossible to speak on – without faltering. Of course, some written-English-minded people might manage to complete their spoken ‘sentences’ – after straining hard. But mind you, they wouldn’t sound natural. Instead, they’d sound phoney and highbrow. When they speak, many of them wouldn’t even sound as if they were speaking. They’d sound as if they were reading ! And what many of them say would often sound like a composition read aloud. Natural style: Native-speaker-like English The English that Prof. Kev Nair’s Fluentzy books help you become fluent in is not the ‘‘bookish’’ kind, but the kind that native speakers of English speak – at home and outside. Genuine and natural. You’ll see that its marks are simplicity, liveliness, spontaneity and lack of artificiality. These self-study books aim to help you speak international English. Edu- cated international English. And not a regional or local variety. Self-study principles The greatest merit of Prof. Kev Nair’s Fluentzy books is this: They tell the truth about the fluency-building process — without trying to hide the facts. They deal with reality as it is honestly, and they come up with practical so- lutions to your fluency-related problems. And based on these solutions, they provide you with a set of powerful fluency-building tools. Thus they help you meet the challenge of the fluency-building process squarely and confi- dently. Prof. Kev Nair’s Fluentzy books are founded on facts — and not on specu- lations. And here are some of these facts: Classroom speech practice can’t help you become fluent Suppose that a few people who can only speak broken English sit around a table and try to do speech practice in English. You see, they’ll only be able to do the speech practice in broken English. And not in fluent English — be- cause you see, they can’t speak fluent English. And if they keep on doing this kind of speech practice for a few months, broken English becomes their habit. And not fluent English. This is so, no matter how good their knowledge of English is. Even the presence of a teacher can’t improve the situation — because flu- ent English is not ‘corrected’ or ‘improved’ broken English. Broken English, Self-effort alone can bring you true fluency Here’s the most important fact on which the Fluentzy books are based:
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11 however improved and made smooth, still has the characteristics of broken English as its underlying features. Only, it’s a kind of ‘improved’ broken English. That’s all. But not fluent English. Fluent English is a wholly differ- ent stream. Something totally separate. 12 • Most of the core words, collocations and conversational expressions in English don’t have equivalents in other languages. • Several words, collocations and expressions in other languages don’t have equiva- lents in English, either. Learning by heart: Impossible Mind you, you can’t learn by heart all (or even a small proportion of) the ‘speech-units’ that are possible in a language, and then reproduce them as and when required. There are millions and millions of them. People don’t, and can’t, speak that way. And you can’t anticipate all the contexts and situ- ations you’ll have to speak in. And you can’t tell beforehand what kinds of questions others might ask. Or what replies you might like to give. Or how a conversation might progress. This is one reason why books containing collections of theoretically-correct sentences or cassettes won’t make you fluent. So, if you want to become fluent, you must gain the skill of produc- ing speech spontaneously — without planning it or preparing it first. What you need is not the skill of reproducing perfectly-made sentences learnt by heart here and there. What you need is the skill of going on com- posing, on your feet, the things you want to say from moment to moment and of going on saying them at the same time — as you speak along. That is, the skill of letting a smooth flow of English happen when you speak about your ideas, thoughts and feelings. And of speaking about them — in a sen- sible and ordered way, with all the things you say fitting well together. By putting together pre-fabricated word groups as well as individual words. And the skill of filling time with talk, and of keeping the speech flow going while you’re thinking of or deciding what to say next — or how to phrase it. And the skill of having something appropriate to say in a wide range of everyday situations, so that you’re not at a loss for words or tongue-tied in those situations. Mind you, the effort to translate stands between your thought and your speech as a block. This takes away your attention from the ‘matter’ of your speech, and forces you to concentrate on the ‘manner’. And then you stop thinking about ‘what’ you want to say, and start paying attention to ‘how’ you say it. And then, you automatically falter, and your speech-flow automati- cally stops. And translated spoken English sentences sound stilted. They don’t sound natural – like the English spoken by native speakers of English. Organs of speech: Not co-operative You know, the muscles of your organs of speech are in the habit of moving and bending regularly in certain set patterns — to suit the demands of your mother-tongue. They fight shy of working in a different way — to suit the demands of the English language. And mind you, as long as your organs of speech don’t readily move, bend and work in the way the English language demands them to, you won’t be able to speak fluent English. Cassettes: Not helpful Audio/Video cassettes containing theoretically-correct sentences won’t make you fluent. No, they won’t. Of course, if you listen to them for hours and hours, you may be able to learn a few isolated sentences by heart. Remember this: Cassettes like these contain theoretically-correct sen- tences that have been edited and polished (and not naturally-occurring ones). And theoretically-correct stand-alone sentences like these may look ideal as examples of usage in classrooms. But they’re precisely the things that won’t help you in real-life situations. There, in real-life situations, the speech units you use must be those that are produced as part of an ongoing communica- tive process — in content as well as in form. The speech units you use will simply have to be those that you produce on the spot while you’re actually engaged in the act of talking to people, those that you bend and twist and manipulate in order to suit the verbal and situational contexts. You see, spontaneous speech is always produced under pressure of time. You speak in the ‘here-and-now’. You have to connect what you’re saying now to what you’ve finished saying. At the same time, you have to be thinking about, and preparing, what you’re going to say next. And you have to orally organize everything you say, so that the various speech units and ideas they carry fit together well and in an ordered way — into a coherent whole. You’ll Translation: Impossible You won’t be able to speak English fluently by translating. Mind you, you can never achieve fluency in English through any other language. You see, this is what translator-speakers do: They first think in their mother-tongue and then try to translate their thoughts into English. And the result? Their thoughts do not come out directly as English speech. And as long as their thoughts don’t come out directly as English speech, they can’t become fluent. Here are three of the chief reasons: • The ‘structures’ of most English speech-units are not similar to the ‘structures’ of the speech-units in other languages. For example, the order in which you should arrange the elements in an English speech-unit is different from the way you do that in other languages.
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13 be able to do all this, only if you know the techniques of ‘on-the-spot speech composition’. Cassettes containing theoretically-correct sentences won’t teach you these techniques. In fact, these cassettes give you a false impression: They make you think that spoken English is made up of ideal strings of complete and perfectly-formed sentences. They make you think that you’d be able to speak English if you learn a few one-line sentences. They don’t bring you face to face with such features of spontaneous speech as starting trouble, false starts, repetition of syllables and words, hesitations, pauses, pause fillers, gambits for creating planning-time, incomplete structures, unfinished word- groups, reformulations, refinements, backtracking, etc. They don’t give you the skill of speaking ‘exploratorily’ and ‘manipulatively’. 14 Techniques. ( 11 ) Information-packing Techniques. ( 12 ) Discourse-building Tech- niques. ( 13 ) Word-cluster mastery Techniques. ( 14 ) Rhythm unit Techniques. What method do the Fluentzy books use? There are a large number of isolated pieces of language fundamentals ly- ing scattered here and there in your mind. The Fluentzy books bring all these things together. And they organize them into a systematic body of knowl- edge within you. And they add a lot of other fluency-related aspects to that knowledge... and make that knowledge rock-solid. And they get you to mas- ter language manipulation skills and a large number of other things on which the fluency skill is based. In this way, the Fluentzy books get your flu- ency skill to develop from a firm foundation, rather than in a disorganized or haphazard way. In short, the Fluentzy books tell you how to create conditions that are necessary for the growth of a fluency nucleus in you. And once you have this fluency nucleus in you, you’ve started achieving true fluency — you’re on your way to achieving higher and higher degrees of fluency. And from then on, even group speech practice and audio-video sessions can prove useful. But mind you, only from then on — and not till then. And mind you, there is something remarkable about the fluency nucleus: The fluency nucleus grows only when you do independent study and make self-effort. Not as long as you’re being coached or trained by someone — in class or by post or online or through any other method. Conventional vocabulary development methods: Not helpful Are you under the impression that conventional vocabulary-building meth- ods can help you achieve true fluency. Mind you, they can’t. No. A chief reason is this: Conventional vocabulary building methods focus on individual words, and not on word clusters. And they create a wrong impres- sion in your mind — a wrong impression that fluent speech is produced by stringing individual words together. Mind you, fluent speech cannot be pro- duced by stringing individual words together. Fluent speech does not flow out word by word. Rather, fluent speech flows out in short bursts — each burst consisting of a cluster of 4 to 10 words (with most of the clusters hav- ing 5 words each). So for fluency building, the focus of your vocabulary development effort should not be on individual words, but on word clusters — fluency-oriented word clusters. Teach yourself — don’t let yourself be coached Here’s the ultimate fluency-building truth you’ll have to understand and ac- cept: You’ll never really come to master fluency techniques until you learn them by yourself – without anybody coaching you. Whether you’re an ad- vanced learner of English or a post-advanced learner. You’ll have to be the teacher as well as the taught. It’s only when you learn the fluency techniques inside out by yourself that they become part of your being. And only then will it become second nature for you to apply them and speak English really fluently... in real-life situations. And if you want to become really fluent in English, applying fluency techniques must come as second nature to you. In fact, fluency techniques are techniques that are uniquely suited to self- study. Fluency-building techniques Prof. Kev Nair’s Fluentzy books tell you how to become fluent through a series of specialized fluency techniques. These are techniques that na- tive speakers of English learn naturally and without conscious effort — as children, at their mother’s knee. But how about adult non-native speakers of English who are not truly fluent? As far as they’re concerned, they too can learn these techniques easily, but only through self-effort — through delib- erate, intentional study and practice done independently, without being coached. Here are the chief fluency-building techniques: ( 1 ) Idea unit techniques. ( 2 ) Speech-generation Techniques. ( 3 ) Habit-formation Techniques. ( 4 ) Mouth Gymnastics. ( 5 ) Speech-flow Techniques. ( 6 ) Pattern Techniques. ( 7 ) Word-fusing Techniques. ( 8 ) Conversion Techniques. ( 9 ) Func- tional/Notional/Situational Techniques. ( 10 ) On-the-spot speech-composition Self-study Books* How did Prof Kev Nair write the Fluentzy books, the fluent English self-study books? Through intensive research-studies. That was how. * We sell you only a set of books. There are no cassettes or CDs.
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15 Through these studies, he discovered factors that give birth to true flu- ency and make it grow — as well as factors that block it. And he worked out several ways of developing the fluency-building factors and of removing the fluency-blocking factors. And he picked out the sure-fire factors. These sure- fire factors were tested again and again. At last, a new method of fluency-building came out. And that’s the method that’s going to transform you into a supremely fluent speaker of English — through independent study done with the help of Prof. Nair’s self- study books. 16 to take first, what step to take next, and so on. And that’s not all. These books show you how to take each step, and how not to. And the reasons for every- thing, too! The Fluentzy books draw pictures of everything before you — in words. Colourful, lovely pictures that would never fade away from your mind. We’re sure you’ll feel as if somebody you like is sitting by your side, having a chat with you — a lively chat. And you don’t have to try and learn anything by heart! Nor translate! Nor keep on listening to cassettes! All you have to do is to read and understand the things that the Fluentzy books say! And do the oral drills. And work through the skill-building exercises. Twenty classic titles Here are the titles of the 20 fluency-building self-study books in the Fluentzy series by Prof. Kev Nair: B1: Idea units & Fluency. • B2: Speech Generation & Flow Production. B3: Teaching your Tongue & Speech Rhythm. • B4: Key Speech-initia- tors & Speech-unit Patterns. • S1/B13 & S2/B14: Fluency in Functional En- glish (2 vols.). • B15/S3: Fluency in Telephone English & Sectoral English. B5: How to Deal with Hesitation. • B6: Oral Training in Fluency Vocabu- lary (Vol.1). • B7: Packing of Information. • B8: Impromptu Speech-flow Techniques. • S4/B16: Fluency Building & Mouth Gymnastics. • S5/B17: Fluency in speaking about people. B9: Fluency in Asking Questions. • B10: Oral Training in Fluency Vo- cabulary (Vol.2). • B11: Fluency & Moment-to-Moment Speech-produc- tion. • B12: Oral Training in Fluency Vocabulary (Vol.3). • S6/B18 & S7/ B19: Fluency in Topicwise English (2 vols.). • S8/B20: Fluency & Pronun- ciation. Part of each book is made up of theory, and part, of skill-building drills and exercises. The theory parts have been written in simple, easy-to-un- derstand English – to make it easy for you to learn from them by yourself. As for the drills and exercises, they are to be done by yourself – without any- one helping you. The theory parts, drills and exercises are superbly enjoyable and full of variety and liveliness. They would interest you so much that they’d take up all your attention. From beginning to the end, you’ll find each of the self- study books absorbing and informative. And you’ll find nothing in them that’s dry or pedantic. (See Part-II for more details). How many Fluentzy volumes should you buy at a time?* Ideally, all – all twenty – because you’ll then able to do a quick non-detailed study of all the books before you start a detailed study of each of them. A quick non-detailed study of all the books (done at the very beginning) gives you a general understanding of everything in the Fluentzy system, and this general understanding makes the detailed study easier to do. Of course, you can also buy the books in three lots. Let us explain: Despatch to addresses within India Against payment in instalments: If you make your payment (Price + PPH) in instalments, you can buy the books in 3 lots (one lot against each instalment payment) as follows: 1 st lot : 7 Fluentzy books (Books B1 to B4 and S1/B13 to S3/B15 ) 2 nd lot: 6 Fluentzy books (Books B5 to B8 and S4/B16 & S5/B17 ) 3 rd lot: 7 Fluentzy books (Books B9 to B12 and S6/B18 to S8/B20 ) Against payment as a lump sum: But if you make your payment (Price + PPH) as a lump sum (and not in instalments), you can buy all the 20 Fluentzy books all at once in a single bundle, rather than in 3 lots. (See col. 5 in the Order Form on page 39). Despatch to addresses outside India If you want us to mail the Fluentzy books to an address outside India, we’ll mail them all at once in a single bundle (and not in 3 separate lots). Self-study effectiveness Here’s a question that must be uppermost in your mind: How effective would this unique form of self-directed independent study be? To us, the answer is this: Highly effective. But please note: We’re not try- ing to tell you that you’ll become instantly fluent simply from reading * See 1) The price-structure. 2 ) Clauses 4 & 5 of the Terms & Conditions. Are the Fluentzy books hard to learn from? Hard? Not at all. The Fluentzy books tell you things in a friendly, conversa- tional, easy-to-understand style. And do you know how these books explain things to you? The way you teach a child to walk — step-by-step. The Fluentzy books show you what step
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17 through the self-study books once or twice. No. That won’t happen — ex- cept perhaps in the case of a very few advanced learners. Of course, even a clear understanding of the fluency principles and fluency techniques alone can bring a noticeable change in the spoken behaviour of most people. But in general, the situation is this: You’ll become really fluent only af- ter you do the oral practice, drills and exercises that the self-study books ask you to do – and after you gain the experience of putting the fluency prin- ciples and techniques to practice in real-life situations. You have to gain a real mastery of fluency techniques on your own, without being coached. Do that, and we know you’ll find yourself getting pushed into the spoken-En- glish-track automatically. (See PART-II for more details). So please be clear about one thing: We cannot guarantee fluency. Not that we won’t — we can’t. You see, nobody can. By its very nature, fluency skill is not something to which the idea of guarantee can be applied at all. There’s only one person who can make you truly fluent. And that is your- self. Nobody else. And that is also the greatest news about fluency build- ing. You can make yourself fluent — if you make good use of the self-study books and learn well from them. This truth is a cornerstone of this fluency- building system — one of the important principles on which the Fluentzy books are based. So all that we promise to do is to make available to you the self-study books written by Prof. Kev Nair. They give you the wisest advice and the best fluency-building help that anybody can expect to get from any part of the world. And we’re convinced that these self-study books are capable of helping the self-study learners achieve a high degree of fluency. 18 • “Idea Units & Fluency gets your fluency-building efforts off to a no-nonsense start in the right direction, so that you don’t have to worry about any wasted efforts.” – The New Sunday Express. • “Idea Units & Fluency tells how units of idea help speakers achieve fluency.” – THE HINDU. Book B2: Speech Generation & Flow Production: Speech-generation Technique. Learning by heart is NOT a solution. Generative Feature & Generative Structures. How does the Generative Feature work? ‘Generation’ through ‘substitution’. How to become skilled at substitution. Core words: Words of the most general utility. Neutral and non-neutral vo- cabulary. Formal vocabulary. Informal vocabulary. Slang. Fitting vocabulary items into General Structures. How to master the speech generating skill? Generative Structure drills. Spare-parts for speech generation. Naming Part. Action Part. Descriptive Part. Circum- stance Part. Flow-production Techniques. Word-junctions. Junction practice. Mixed ma- terial for flow-practice. Informal vocabulary. • “Speech Generation & Flow Production shows how the principles of speech genera- tion can help you keep up an easy flow of spontaneous speech.” – The New Sunday Express. • “Speech Generation & Flow Production demonstrates how speech is produced spontaneously.” – THE HINDU. Book B3: Teaching your Tongue & Speech Rhythm: ‘Teaching’ your ‘tongue’. Important principles of description. Descriptive principle. The way to teach your tongue. Word List. Rhythm and flow of speech. The syllable. Two groups of words. The way the English language flows. The way other (= non-English) languages flow. Uniform stress. Uniform time distribution. Let English flow the way English should flow. Up and down movement. Syllable stress. Polysyllabic words. Monosyllabic words. Weak function words. “Schwa”. Neutral function words. Guidelines. Limited freedom. Shortened forms. Foot and rhythm. The fundamental principle of English rhythm. Beating the rhythm. The silent stress. Unstressed syllables at the beginning of ‘words’. Speed of speech. Frequently-used polysyllabic words. An important exercise. Questions for Practice. Importance of the drill with word groups. Two important exercises. • “Teaching your Tongue & Speech Rhythm deals with how to train your speech organs and reach higher levels of fluency.” – The New Sunday Express. • “Teaching your tongue & Speech Rhythm shows how speakers can train their speech organs and achieve the characteristic English speech rhythm.” – THE HINDU. Book B4: Key speech-initiators & Speech-unit Patterns: Key speech-initiators. Basic speech-initiators. Advanced speech-initiators. Everyday speech-initiators. Why’s the word group-repetition drill so important? Key phrase patterns. Action patterns & clause patterns. Link verb patterns. Intransitive verb patterns. Simple monotransitive verb pat- terns. Complex monotransitive verb patterns. Ditransitive verb patterns. Naming patterns. Rhythm drill. Short responses. Negative meaning. Fluency nucleus. Chats and serious con- versations. Long sequences and short sequences. Short sequences. Long sequences. Level of fluency. • “Key Speech initiators & Speech unit Patterns, helps you master speech-initiators and speech-unit patterns quickly and easily.” – The New Sunday Express. • “Four books in the series concentrate on how to compose speech and speak at the same time.” THE HINDU. Contents of the books These self-study books tell you how to go about achieving a high degree of fluency in English in a programmed fashion — through topic-wise discus- sion. And here are the chief topics: Book B1: Idea units & Fluency: Importance of theory. Importance of oral prac- tice. How to do your study. Non-detailed study. Detailed study. Learning in bursts. Do a lot of general reading. Ordinary novels suit fluency-building best. Recommended read- ing. You need a good dictionary. Avoid bilingual dictionaries. Avoid high-sounding and rarely-used words. What dictionary should you buy? Fluency, only through idea units. ‘Speech’ comes first, and ‘writing’, only next. Non-native speakers learn English the ‘wrong’ way. Learning words alone won’t help. Bite-sized pieces of ideas. How does natural speech come out? What does natural speech come out in? Let ready-to-assemble units do your work for you. Idea units: Your key to speech and fluency. ‘Idea units’ of speech, and “sentences” of writing. How context helps the speaker. Importance of con- text. Types of idea units. Word knowledge and word mastery. Why can’t we speak in ‘sen- tences’? Just a little at a time, and not a mouthful. Strands of information. Length and shape of idea units. Points for dividing speech. Guidelines for dividing speech into idea units. Embedding and lining up. Roundabout connectivity. Straight connectivity. Speak in idea units, and not in sentences. Books S1/B13 & S2/B14: Fluency in Functional English (Vols. I & II): How to use English to express 175 everyday communicative functions. How to express ability, admiration, agreement, appreciation, approval, certainty, condolences, gratitude, inten- tion, likes, likelihood, possibility, preference, prohibition, reluctance, satisfaction, good wishes, wants, wishes, etc. How to express anger, annoyance, disappointment, doubt, fear, hope, indecision, indifference, irritation, pleasure, regret, sarcasm, surprise, sympathy,
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19 worry, etc. How to use English to accept something, admit something, advise someone, compliment someone, congratulate someone, contradict someone, criticize someone, deny something, forgive someone, offer, accept or decline help, make an invitation, give an opinion, praise someone, reassure someone, report progress, refuse a request, make a suggestion, threaten to do something, etc. • “Two volumes of Fluency in Functional English help speakers achieve the skill of being able to say the right thing in the right social and career contexts.” – The New Sunday Express. • “Two volumes of the title Fluency in Functional English are meant to equip speakers with the skill to say the right thing in the right social context.” THE HINDU. 20 + Noun’ combinations. Conventional pre-modifiers. Non-specific modification. Intensi- fiers and downtoners. Fluency and word-modification. How to avoid modification. Inten- sifiers. Downtoners. How to avoid complexity. Embedded noun-phrases. Specific and non- specific words. Composing speech and speaking at the same time. Mental assessment and planning. Control of speech delivery. Inevitability of loose packing. Speech composition features. Listeners’ point of view. Looseness vs. Conciseness. • “Packing of Information teaches you methodically how to pack meaning and con- tent into speech the way native speakers of English do.” – The New Sunday Express. Book B8: Impromptu Speech-flow techniques: Impromptu word group order- ing. Makeshift improvisations. Special ways of word group ordering. Topic–comment arrangement. Comment–topic arrangement. Repeated reference. Self-correction. Arrange- ment in parenthesis. Fronting. Appended word groups. Fragmentary word groups. Struggle-free speech-composition. Two types of self-imposed restrictions. Inter-related restrictive actions. Two techniques to smooth the way. Use of comment clauses. Comment clauses in statements. Comment clause combinations. Vagueness and Imprecision. Non- occurrence and non-availability of lexical item. Listing. Talking about quantity, number, duration, etc. Vagueness and uncertainty about what/who/where. Quality, description, etc. “sort of”. Vagueness through intensification. Generic use of ‘you’ and ‘they’. Starting trouble. Discourse markers. Discourse markers in combination. Combination of comment clauses and discourse markers. Topic shift. Other topic shift markers. Steadying influence of the hesitation pause. Analyze the texts now. • “The title Impromptu Speech Flow Techniques helps you learn quickly and easily how to organise word clusters in the most useful and effective way and carry on a spon- taneous speech.” – The New Sunday Express. Book S4/B16: Fluency Building & Mouth Gymnastics: Fluency through mouth gymnastics. Past experience handicaps advanced non-native learners. Mouth gymnastics. Ineffective methods. Fluency in “wrong” usages is a handicap. Word classes for mouth gymnastics. Knowledge of organs of speech. The vocal apparatus. Word groups for mouth gymnastics. • “Fluency Building & Mouth Gymnastics deals with skill-building techniques that can really get your organs of speech to overcome the pressures of the English language on them.” – The New Sunday Express. • “Fluency Building and Mouth Gymnastics helps speakers get their speech organs work smoothly in the way the English language needs them to work.” – THE HINDU. Book S5/B17: Fluency in Speaking about People: A person’s “make-up”. Behaviour. Attitude. Intelligence. Personality & personality traits. Feelings & emotions. • “Fluency in Speaking about People helps you master the semantic and syntactic re- sources needed to achieve fluency in speaking about people and their behaviour, at- titudes, intelligence, personality traits, feelings and emotions.” – The New Sunday Express. Book B9: Fluency in Asking Questions: How to make questions. Role of ques- tions. Difficulty in framing questions. Chief reason for the difficulty. Question types. Yes- No questions. Conversion of statements into yes-no questions. Responses to yes-no ques- tions. Negative yes-no questions. Everyday yes-no questions for practice. Wh-questions. Conversion of statements into wh-questions. Advanced wh-questions. Everyday wh-ques- tions for practice. Question-initiator word groups. Declarative questions. Yes-no declara- tive questions. Wh-declarative questions. Tag questions. Structure. Special cases. Three important points you should remember. Invariant tag questions. Rhythm drill. • “The title Fluency in Asking Questions is devoted entirely to the role of questions in fluent speech and fluency training.” – The New Sunday Express. • “Fluency in Ask- Book S3/B15: Fluency in Telephone English & Sectoral English: Fluency in Telephone English. Guidelines for making a call. Guidelines for answering a call. Tele- phone word groups. Word groups for use while making a phone call. Word groups for use while answering a phone call. Word groups to speak about telephoning in general. Fluency in Business English. Fluency in Banking English. Fluency in Travel English. Speaking about Food and Drink. Everyday politics. • “Fluency in Telephone English & Sectoral English teaches you how to be fluent over the phone.” – The New Sunday Express. Book B5: How to deal with hesitation: Pauses and syllable lengthening. Junc- tion pauses. Junction pauses and grammatical breaks. Spontaneous speech. Non-spon- taneous speech. Hesitation pauses. Pause notation. Paracomplex, paraboundaries and parapauses. Minor and major boundaries. Syllable lengthening. Public & non-public and formal & non-formal situations. Speech production and hesitation. Problems causing hesitation. Result of hesitation. Native and foreign hesitation. Native hesitation is a normal phenomenon. A basic reason for lack of fluency. Giving flow to your speech. Preventing foreign hesitations. Dealing with hesitations. Pauses. Hesitation noises. Hesi- tation fillers. Hesitation caused by 6 Problems. Guidelines. Practice with action word- groups. Questions for rhythm drill. Questions for practice. • “How to deal with hesitations is a book on hesitation management.” – The New Sunday Express. • “How to deal with hesitations is a key title in the series. It deals with the techniques of mid-speech hesitation management.” – THE HINDU. Book B6: Oral Training in Fluency Vocabulary (Vol. I): Training in ‘General Structures’. The way speech gets produced. Framework for speech-production. Shape of speech units. Fluency tools. Repeated exposure. The most important point in vocabu- lary choice. About words you should master. Objective-based vocabulary-development. The test for word-selection. General structures. Subsidiary word groups. Place-relating word groups. Time-relating word groups. Frequently-used monosyllabic words. Words of the greatest general service. Practice with major word groups. Action word groups. Naming word groups. Phrasal verbs. Phrasal-prepositional verbs. Prepositional verbs. ‘Adjective + Noun’ combinations. • “The title Oral Training in fluency vocabulary comes in three volumes. They con- centrate on training you thoroughly in techniques of vocabulary-manipulation dur- ing spontaneous speech production.” – The New Sunday Express. • “Vocabulary manipulation is another key area in the Fluentzy scheme. Three volumes of the title Oral Training in Fluency Vocabulary are devoted to this.” – THE HINDU. Book B7: Packing of information: Techniques of information-packing. Subor- dination and co-ordination. Nature of information-packing and fluency. How to avoid dense packing. Special subordinate constructions. Complex phrases. Pre-modification and Post-modification. Modification and complexity. How to avoid modification. Excep- tional cases. Re-reference. Classifying function. ‘Adjective + Noun’ combinations. ‘Noun
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